Tilray Brands, Inc. Reports Third Quarter Fiscal Year 2022 Financial Results

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  • Profitable Quarter Includes Net Income of $52.5 Million and Adjusted EBITDA of $10.1 Million; 12th Consecutive Quarter of Positive Adjusted EBITDA
  • Net Revenue Increased 23% to $152 Million; Gross Profit Increased 31% to $39.8 Million from the Prior Year Quarter
  • Medical Market Share Leader in Europe and #1 Leadership Position in Germany with Revenue Growth of Over 4,000%
  • Maintained #1 Leading Marketing Share in Canada
  • Achieved $76 Million in Cost Synergies to Date; On-Track to Exceed Original Plan of $80 Million Ahead of Schedule and to Generate Additional $20 Million of Synergies in Fiscal 2023

LEAMINGTON, Ontario and NEW YORK, April 06, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Tilray Brands, Inc. (“Tilray” or the “Company”) (Nasdaq: TLRY; TSX: TLRY), a leading global cannabis-lifestyle and consumer packaged goods company inspiring and empowering the worldwide community to live their very best life, today reported financial results for the third fiscal quarter ended February 28, 2022. All financial information in this press release is reported in U.S. dollars, unless otherwise indicated.

Irwin D. Simon, Tilray’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, stated, “Our third quarter results reflect progress and momentum across all of our key business segments and geographies, setting the stage to achieve our target for $4B in revenue by the end of fiscal 2024. Tilray Medical – which now operates under a cohesive strategy and mission – has a near 20% share in Germany, providing clear benefits in its own right as well as a first-mover advantage that we will leverage as Germany and the EU move towards broader adult-use and medical use legalization. In Canada, we maintained our leading market share position amid intense competition – and believe that our strong capital position, operational excellence and pricing and marketing adjustments will work in concert to help ensure we reclaim share in the coming quarters. This effort will gain further support from the fundamental appeal of our brands and product innovation which, as stores continue re-opening, will resonate powerfully with consumers. In the U.S., our SweetWater Brewing, Breckenridge Distillery, and Manitoba Harvest businesses are profitable, growing and emerging as nationwide, iconic brands with loyal followings that will be home to THC-based products upon U.S. federal legalization.”

Mr. Simon continued, “We also continued sourcing and executing strategic and shareholder-friendly transactions that provide value with notable upside. Our most recent example is the proposed agreement to purchase the HEXO senior secured convertible notes, which provides a path for meaningful future equity ownership of HEXO as it executes on its transformation. The proposed HEXO transaction is also expected to facilitate complementary commercial and product innovation and drive production and operating efficiencies. As the global economy re-opens, we are confident that the global cannabis powerhouse at the heart of the Tilray Brands’ value proposition will deliver sustained and tangible shareholder value.”

Financial Highlights – Third Quarter Fiscal 2022

  • Net revenue increased 23% to $152 million during the third quarter from $124 million in the prior year quarter. The increase was driven by 32% growth in cannabis revenue to $55 million, 64% growth in beverage alcohol revenue of $20 million and wellness revenue of $15 million.
  • Gross profit increased 31% to $40 million from $30 million in the prior year quarter. Gross margin increased to 26% from 25% in the prior year quarter.
  • Significant growth in international cannabis with revenue up over 4,000% from the prior year quarter, and 37% increase in revenue in EMEA when compared to the previous quarter
  • Maintained #1 leadership position in Canada1 with 10.2% cannabis market share driven by Tilray’s comprehensive portfolio of adult-use brands, and growth in pre-roll and vape product categories.
  • Cost synergies from Aphria-Tilray combination of $76 million achieved on a run-rate basis to date. Expect to reach $80 million synergy target by May 31, 2022, five months ahead of schedule and to generate an additional $20 million in synergies in fiscal 2023.
  • Distribution revenue decreased 11% to $63 million during the third quarter from $70 million in the prior year quarter. The decrease was driven by the impact of changes in the exchange rate between the Euro and USD, which led to a $7 million reduction.

1 Based on Hifyre retail data.

Strategic Growth Actions

  • On April 6, 2022 – Manitoba Harvest announced an exclusive partnership with Whole Foods Market launching the brand’s Hemp+ Matcha and Supergreens powders exclusively at Whole Foods across North America.
  • On April 5, 2022 – The Brewers Association announced that SweetWater Brewing Co. is now the 10th largest craft brewer in the U.S.
  • On April 5, 2022 – Tilray Brands announced the launch of Solei Bites, the first THC edible available in Quebec, the 2nd largest market in Canada.
  • On March 24, 2022 – Solei, Tilray Brands’ best-selling Canadian wellness brand, announced the launch of Renew Moonlight, CBN vape pen for nighttime use.
  • On March 17, 2022 – Tilray Medical launched the first medical cannabis oil products in Malta.
  • On March 8, 2022 – Good Supply, Tilray Brands’ best-selling Canadian cannabis brand, announced the launch of Hash Bats, its new fastest growing infused pre-rolls.
  • On March 3, 2022 – Tilray Brands announced a proposed strategic alliance with Hexo Corp. to bring together Canada’s top two cannabis market share leaders to strengthen operational efficiencies and product innovation to benefit consumers, shareholders, and the cannabis industry.
  • On March 2, 2022 – Manitoba Harvest announced its new lineup of superfood products.
  • On February 22, 2022 – SweetWater Brewing Company launched across Oregon and Washington, marking the brand’s expansion into their 39th and 40th states.
  • On February 17, 2022 – Tilray Medical announced its first shipment of medical cannabis products to Malta.
  • On February 10, 2022 – Breckenridge Distillery launched its second (sold-out) series of ‘Super’ Sexy Motor Oil, a limited-edition Bourbon aged in beer barrels for over a year.
  • On February 9, 2022 – SweetWater Brewing Company announced its West Coast expansion into California and a partnership with the largest beer distributor in the U.S.
  • On February 8, 2022 – Tilray Brands launched Tilray Medical, a new comprehensive global division focused on international medical cannabis advocacy and a portfolio of EU GMP-certified medical brands and products.
  • On January 25, 2022 – Tilray Brands announced an expanded medical cannabis product offering in Australia and the launch of a new online medical cannabis education platform for healthcare professionals in Australia and New Zealand.
  • On January 20, 2022 – Manitoba Harvest introduced new hemp recipes compatible with Vegan, Keto, Paleo, and Gluten-Free Diets.
  • On January 10, 2022 – Tilray announced a new parent name, Tilray Brands, Inc., reflecting the Company’s evolution from a Canadian LP to a global consumer packaged goods company powerhouse with a market leading portfolio of cannabis lifestyle and CPG brands.
  • On December 21, 2021 – SweetWater Brewing Company acquired award-winning craft-beer brands, Alpine Beer and Green Flash Brewing.
  • On December 8, 2021, Tilray acquired Breckenridge Distillery, strengthening its strategic position in the U.S.
  • On December 2, 2021, Manitoba Harvest introduced Hemp Hearts health hacks for the holidays.

Growth and High Potential Across Key Markets

#1 Market Leading Position in Germany and Poised to Accelerate Strategic Growth Initiatives Upon Adult-Use Legalization – Today, Germany remains the largest medical cannabis market in Europe and is expected to also be one of the largest adult use markets as well upon legalization. We are already the leader in medical cannabis within Germany with a market share of approximately 20% with our whole flower, extracts and Dronabinol products and, this, together with our investments in infrastructure, brands and people, positions us exceptionally well for adult-use cannabis legalization.

Strategic Expansion Across the EU – Tilray Brands’ success across the EU, a powerful growth market worth potentially $1 billion for the Company, is backed by its two state-of-the-art cultivation facilities in Portugal and Germany that provide EU GMP certified pharmaceutical-grade medical cannabis across the region. This unparalleled production capability coupled with Tilray Brands’ sales arrangements through major distribution channels in Germany, the UK, and other key markets, coupled with the strong relationships with local governments and the trust of our patients, gives Tilray Brands the ability to drive accelerated growth.

#1 Leading Cannabis Market Share in Canada – Amid an intensely competitive and over-saturated market, Tilray Brands remains the market leader in the CAD$4.26 billion Canadian cannabis market, driven by a portfolio of carefully curated brands across all consumer segments; medical, wellness, innovative cannabis 2.0 products across concentrates, edibles, and drinks; processing capacity; and distribution. In order to address the saturated marketplace, Tilray Brands has implemented strategic price adjustments, expanded distribution through its coast-to-coast agreement with Rose Life Sciences and Great North Distributors, and increased our focus on and accelerated product innovation. Proposed alliance with Hexo Corp. (Nasdaq: HEXO) (TSX: HEXO) would bring together Canada’s top two cannabis market share leaders to strengthen operational efficiencies and product innovation to benefit consumers, shareholders, and the cannabis industry.

A Leading U.S. CPG Platform with Operational Strength, Leadership Expertise, and Optionality to be Immediately Leveraged for Cannabis Products Upon Federal Legalization – In the U.S., Tilray Brands’ operating businesses include SweetWater Brewing Company, the 11th largest craft brewer in the nation and leading lifestyle brand, Breckenridge Distillery, and Manitoba Harvest, a pioneer in hemp, CBD and wellness products. Together, they generate approximately $100 million in revenue and are EBITDA and cash flow positive and will expand in the near term into CBD adjacencies and THC-based products upon legalization. Further, the Company continues to build its U.S. platform, including through its prior acquisition of a majority of the outstanding senior secured convertible notes of MedMen Enterprises Inc. (CSE: MMEN) (OTCQX: MMNFF) – which marked a critical step towards delivering on its objective of leading the U.S. cannabis market upon federal legalization.

Live Conference Call and Audio Webcast

Tilray Brands will host a live conference call and audio webcast to discuss these results today at 8:30 am Eastern Time, details of which are provided below.

Call-in Number: (877) 407-0792 from Canada and the U.S. or (201) 689-8263 from international locations. Please dial in at least 10 minutes prior to the start time.

A telephone replay will be available approximately two hours after the call concludes through April 22, 2022. To access the recording dial (844)-512-2921 from Canada and the U.S. or (412) 317-6671 from international locations and use the passcode 13728025.

There will be a simultaneous, live webcast available on the Investors section of Tilray Brands’ website at www.tilray.com. The webcast will also be archived. Additionally, Tilray’s third quarter earnings call will be syndicated live to retail investors on the Public.com app.

About Tilray Brands

Tilray Brands, Inc. (Nasdaq | TSX: TLRY), is a leading global cannabis-lifestyle and consumer packaged goods company with operations in Canada, the United States, Europe, Australia, and Latin America that is changing people’s lives for the better – one person at a time. Tilray Brands delivers on this mission by inspiring and empowering the worldwide community to live their very best life and providing access to products that meet the needs of their mind, body, and soul while invoking wellbeing. Patients and consumers trust Tilray Brands to deliver a cultivated experience and health and wellbeing through high-quality, differentiated brands and innovative products. A pioneer in cannabis research, cultivation, and distribution, Tilray Brands’ unprecedented production platform supports over 20 brands in over 20 countries, including comprehensive cannabis offerings, hemp-based foods, and craft beverages.

For more information on how we open a world of wellbeing, visit www.Tilray.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements in this communication that are not historical facts constitute forward-looking information or forward-looking statements (together, “forward-looking statements”) under Canadian securities laws and within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, that are intended to be subject to the “safe harbor” created by those sections and other applicable laws. Forward-looking statements can be identified by words such as “forecast,” “future,” “should,” “could,” “enable,” “potential,” “contemplate,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “project,” “will,” “would” and the negative of these terms or similar expressions, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. Certain material factors, estimates, goals, projections or assumptions were used in drawing the conclusions contained in the forward-looking statements throughout this communication. Forward-looking statements include statements regarding our intentions, beliefs, projections, outlook, analyses or current expectations concerning, among other things: the Company’s ability to become the world’s leading cannabis-focused consumer branded company; the Company’s ability to achieve market share and revenue growth in particular markets, including in Canada, the U.S. and the EU; our ability to achieve $4B in revenue by the end of fiscal 2024 and projected cost savings; and the likelihood and timing of any cannabis legislation in the U.S., Germany and other jurisdictions. Many factors could cause actual results, performance or achievement to be materially different from any forward-looking statements, and other risks and uncertainties not presently known to the Company or that the Company deems immaterial could also cause actual results or events to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements contained herein. For a more detailed discussion of these risks and other factors, see the most recently filed annual information form of Tilray and the Annual Report on Form 10-K (and other periodic reports filed with the SEC) of Tilray made with the SEC and available on EDGAR. The forward-looking statements included in this communication are made as of the date of this communication and the Company does not undertake any obligation to publicly update such forward-looking statements to reflect new information, subsequent events or otherwise unless required by applicable securities laws.

Use of Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures

This press release and the accompanying tables include non-GAAP financial measures, including adjusted gross margin, Adjusted EBITDA and adjusted free cash flow. Management believes that the non-GAAP financial measures presented provide useful additional information to investors about current trends in the Company’s operations and are useful for period-over-period comparisons of operations. These non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the comparable GAAP measures. In addition, these non-GAAP measures may not be the same as similar measures provided by other companies due to potential differences in methods of calculation and items being excluded. They should be read only in connection with the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations and Cash Flows presented in accordance with GAAP.

Adjusted EBITDA is calculated as net income (loss) before finance expense, net; non-operating expense (income), net; amortization; stock-based compensation; facility start-up and closure costs; inventory valuation adjustment; lease expense; and transaction costs. A reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net loss, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, has been provided in the financial statement tables included below in this press release. Gross margin, excluding inventory valuation adjustments, is calculated as revenue less cost of sales adjusted to add back inventory valuation adjustments and amortization of inventory step-up, divided by revenue. A reconciliation of Gross margin, excluding inventory valuation adjustments, to gross margin, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, has been provided in the financial statement tables included below in this press release. Free cash flow is comprised of two GAAP measures deducted from each other which are net cash flow provided by (used in) operating activities less investments in capital and intangible assets. Adjusted free cash flow removes the cash impact of acquisitions from free cash flow. A reconciliation of net cash flow provided by (used in) operating activities to free cash flow and to adjusted cash flows, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, has been provided in the financial statement tables included below in this press release.

For further information:

Media: Berrin Noorata, [email protected]
Investors: Raphael Gross, +1-203-682-8253, [email protected]

Consolidated Statements of Financial Position

(In thousands of United States dollars)   February 28,
2022
    May 31,
2021
 
Assets                
Current assets                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 279,214     $ 488,466  
Accounts receivable, net     89,895       87,309  
Inventory     273,292       256,429  
Prepaids and other current assets     52,211       48,920  
Convertible notes receivable     1,173       2,485  
Total current assets     695,785       883,609  
Capital assets     603,472       650,698  
Right-of-use assets     17,851       18,267  
Intangible assets     1,528,962       1,605,918  
Goodwill     2,835,100       2,832,794  
Interest in equity investees     4,797       8,106  
Long-term investments     133,155       17,685  
Other assets     314       8,285  
Total assets   $ 5,819,436     $ 6,025,362  
Liabilities                
Current liabilities                
Bank indebtedness   $ 17,496     $ 8,717  
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities     137,094       212,813  
Contingent consideration     31,592       60,657  
Warrant liability     19,366       78,168  
Current portion of lease liabilities     6,703       4,264  
Current portion of long-term debt     70,176       36,622  
Total current liabilities     282,427       401,241  
Long – term liabilities                
Lease liabilities     16,211       53,946  
Long-term debt     121,210       167,486  
Convertible debentures     501,075       667,624  
Deferred tax liability     237,208       265,845  
Other liabilities     292       3,907  
Total liabilities     1,158,423       1,560,049  
Stockholders’ equity                
Common stock ($0.0001 par value; 990,000,000 shares authorized; 480,737,533 and 446,440,641 shares issued and outstanding, respectively)     48       46  
Additional paid-in capital     5,110,892       4,792,406  
Accumulated other comprehensive income     1,010       152,668  
Accumulated Deficit     (484,710 )     (486,050 )
Total Tilray Brands, Inc. stockholders’ equity     4,627,240       4,459,070  
Non-controlling interests     33,773       6,243  
Total stockholders’ equity     4,661,013       4,465,313  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity   $ 5,819,436     $ 6,025,362  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Net Income (Loss) and Comprehensive (Loss)

    Three months ended
February 28,
    Nine months ended
February 28,
    Three months ended
February 28,
    Nine months ended
February 28,
 
(In thousands of United States dollars)   2022     2021     2022     2021     Change     %Change     Change     %Change  
Net revenue   $ 151,871     $ 123,900     $ 475,047     $ 370,849     $ 27,971     23 %     $ 104,198     28 %  
Cost of goods sold     112,042       93,444       351,497       270,165       18,598     20 %       81,332     30 %  
Gross profit     39,829       30,456       123,550       100,684       9,373     31 %       22,866     23 %  
Operating expenses:                                                                
General and administrative     38,445       24,491       121,401       78,736       13,954     57 %       42,665     54 %  
Selling     8,641       6,155       25,283       18,051       2,486     40 %       7,232     40 %  
Amortization     24,590       10,786       84,345       19,121       13,804     128 %       65,224     341 %  
Marketing and promotion     7,578       3,259       20,163       12,436       4,319     133 %       7,727     62 %  
Research and development     164       127       1,464       472       37     29 %       992     210 %  
Change in fair value of contingent consideration     (29,065 )           (29,065 )           (29,065 )   NA       (29,065 )   NA  
Transaction costs     9,238       9,688       42,937       30,352       (450 )   (5 %)       12,585     100 %  
Total operating expenses     59,591       54,506       266,528       159,168       5,085     9 %       107,360     67 %  
Operating loss     (19,762 )     (24,050 )     (142,978 )     (58,484 )     4,288     (18 %)       (84,494 )   144 %  
Interest expense, net     (2,312 )     (7,943 )     (22,422 )     (18,511 )     5,631     (71 %)       (3,911 )   21 %  
Non-operating income (expense), net     72,719       (220,340 )     186,329       (306,348 )     293,059     (133 %)       492,677     (161 %)  
Income (loss) before income taxes     50,645       (252,333 )     20,929       (383,343 )     302,978     (120 %)       404,272     (105 %)  
Income taxes (recovery)     (1,830 )     6,310       (2,739 )     (13,707 )     (8,140 )   (129 %)       10,968     (80 %)  
Net income (loss)   $ 52,475     $ (258,643 )   $ 23,668     $ (369,636 )   $ 311,118     (120 %)     $ 393,304     (106 %)  
Total net income (loss) attributable to stockholders of Tilray Brands, Inc.:   $ 43,190     $ (273,519 )   $ 1,340     $ (407,762 )   $ 316,709     (116 %)     $ 409,102     (100 %)  
Weighted average number of common shares – basic     485,668,750       265,401,924       470,303,170       250,701,376                                  
Weighted average number of common shares – diluted     488,546,790       265,401,924       478,050,130       250,701,376                                  
Net income (loss) per share – basic   $ 0.09     $ (1.03 )   $ 0.00     $ (1.63 )                                
Net income (loss) per share – diluted   $ 0.09     $ (1.03 )   $ 0.00     $ (1.63 )                                

Net Revenue by Operating Segment

(In thousands of United States dollars)   Three months
ended
February 28,
2022
    % of
Total
revenue
    Three months
ended
February 28,
2021
    % of
Total
revenue
    Nine months
ended
February 28,
2022
    % of
Total
revenue
    Nine months
ended
February 28,
2021
    % of
Total
revenue
 
Cannabis revenue   $ 55,045     36 %     $ 41,721     34 %     $ 184,269     39 %     $ 147,689     40 %  
Distribution revenue     62,532     41 %       70,237     57 %       198,587     42 %       210,508     57 %  
Beverage alcohol revenue     19,597     13 %       11,942     10 %       48,765     10 %       12,652     3 %  
Wellness revenue     14,697     10 %           0 %       43,426     9 %           0 %  
Net revenue   $ 151,871     100 %     $ 123,900     100 %     $ 475,047     100 %     $ 370,849     100 %  
                                                                 
                                                                 

Net Cannabis Revenue by Market Channel

    Three months ended February 28,     Nine months ended February 28,  
(In thousands of United States dollars)   2022       2021       2022       2021    
Revenue from Canadian medical cannabis products   $ 7,050     10 %     $ 5,931     11 %     $ 23,353     10 %     $ 18,571     10 %  
Revenue from Canadian adult-use cannabis products     43,504     63 %       48,097     86 %       162,632     70 %       163,220     85 %  
Revenue from wholesale cannabis products     2,804     4 %       1,327     2 %       6,763     3 %       6,559     3 %  
Revenue from international cannabis products     15,820     23 %       347     1 %       39,792     17 %       4,627     2 %  
Total cannabis revenue     69,178               55,702               232,540               192,977          
Excise taxes     (14,133 )   (20 %)       (13,981 )   (25 %)       (48,271 )   (21 %)       (45,288 )   (23 %)  
Total cannabis net revenue   $ 55,045             $ 41,721             $ 184,269             $ 147,689          

Other Financial Information: Gross Margin and Adjusted Gross Margin

(In thousands of United States dollars)   Three months ended February 28, 2022  
    Cannabis     Beverage     Distribution     Wellness     Total  
Gross revenue   $ 69,178     $ 20,473     $ 62,532     $ 14,697     $ 166,880  
Excise taxes     (14,133 )     (876 )                 (15,009 )
Net revenue     55,045       19,597       62,532       14,697       151,871  
Cost of goods sold     37,042       8,091       57,566       9,343       112,042  
Gross profit   $ 18,003     $ 11,506     $ 4,966     $ 5,354     $ 39,829  
Gross margin     33 %     59 %     8 %     36 %     26 %
Adjusted gross profit   $ 18,003     $ 11,506     $ 4,966     $ 5,354     $ 39,829  
Adjusted gross margin     33 %     59 %     8 %     36 %     26 %
                                         
    Three months ended February 28, 2021  
    Cannabis     Beverage     Distribution     Wellness     Total  
Gross revenue   $ 55,702     $ 12,358     $ 70,237     $     $ 138,297  
Excise taxes     (13,981 )     (416 )                 (14,397 )
Net revenue     41,721       11,942       70,237             123,900  
Cost of goods sold     25,373       7,056       61,015             93,444  
Gross profit   $ 16,348     $ 4,886     $ 9,222     $     $ 30,456  
Gross margin     39 %     41 %     13 %             25 %
Adjusted gross profit   $ 16,348     $ 4,886     $ 9,222     $     $ 30,456  
Adjusted gross margin     39 %     41 %     13 %             25 %
                                         
    Nine months ended February 28, 2022  
    Cannabis     Beverage     Distribution     Wellness     Total  
Gross revenue   $ 232,540     $ 51,500     $ 198,587     $ 43,426     $ 526,053  
Excise taxes     (48,271 )     (2,735 )                 (51,006 )
Net revenue     184,269       48,765       198,587       43,426       475,047  
Cost of goods sold     122,492       20,674       178,093       30,238       351,497  
Gross profit   $ 61,777     $ 28,091     $ 20,494     $ 13,188     $ 123,550  
Gross margin     34 %     58 %     10 %     30 %     26 %
Adjusted gross profit   $ 73,777     $ 28,091     $ 20,494     $ 13,188     $ 135,550  
Adjusted gross margin     40 %     58 %     10 %     30 %     29 %
                                         
    Nine months ended February 28, 2021  
    Cannabis     Beverage     Distribution     Wellness     Total  
Gross revenue   $ 192,977     $ 13,112     $ 210,508     $     $ 416,597  
Excise taxes     (45,288 )     (460 )                 (45,748 )
Net revenue     147,689       12,652       210,508             370,849  
Cost of goods sold     80,780       7,337       182,048             270,165  
Gross profit   $ 66,909     $ 5,315     $ 28,460     $     $ 100,684  
Gross margin     45 %     42 %     14 %             27 %
Adjusted gross profit   $ 66,909     $ 5,315     $ 28,460     $     $ 100,684  
Adjusted gross margin     45 %     42 %     14 %             27 %

Other Financial Information: Adjusted Earnings before Interest, Taxes, and Amortization

(In thousands of United States dollars)   For the three months
ended February 28,
    For the nine months
ended February 28,
 
Adjusted EBITDA reconciliation:   2021     2020     2021     2020  
Net income (loss)   $ 52,475     $ (258,643 )   $ 23,668     $ (369,636 )
Income taxes     (1,830 )     6,310       (2,739 )     (13,707 )
Interest expense, net     2,312       7,943       22,422       18,511  
Non-operating expense (income), net     (72,719 )     220,340       (186,329 )     306,348  
Amortization     37,020       20,282       113,824       43,292  
Stock-based compensation     9,355       3,075       27,025       11,414  
Change in fair value of contingent consideration     (29,065 )           (29,065 )      
Facility start-up and closure costs     2,500             10,400        
Lease expense     800       372       2,400       1,002  
Inventory write down                 12,000        
Transaction costs     9,238       9,688       42,937       30,352  
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 10,086     $ 9,367     $ 36,543     $ 27,576  

Other Financial Information: Free Cash Flow and Adjusted Free Cash Flow

    For the three months
ended February 28,
    For the nine months
ended February 28,
 
(In thousands of United States dollars)   2022     2021     2022     2021  
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities   $ (46,390 )   $ 696     $ (156,738 )   $ (52,966 )
Less: investments in capital and intangible assets, net     (1,352 )     (4,068 )     (16,944 )     (27,324 )
Free cash flow   $ (47,742 )   $ (3,372 )   $ (173,682 )   $ (80,290 )
Cash expended related to acquisitions     12,142       9,688       68,652       30,352  
Adjusted free cash flow   $ (35,600 )   $ 6,316     $ (105,030 )   $ (49,938 )

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